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TAMIDS SciML Lab Seminar Series: Yen-Hsi Richard Tsai: Numerical Wave Propagation and Parallel-in-Time Computation Aided by Deep Learning

December 8, 2021

3:00 pm - 4:00 pm

Online via Zoom

Meeting ID: 968 5956 6620

Passcode: SciML61262

Speaker: Yen-Hsi Richard Tsai

Hosts: Ulisses Braga-Neto and Ming Zhong

Abstract: We propose a deep learning approach for wave propagation in media with multiscale wave speed, using a second-order linear wave equation model. We use neural networks to enhance the accuracy of a given inaccurate coarse solver, which under-resolves a class of multiscale wave media and wave fields of interest. Our approach involves generating training data by the given computationally efficient coarse solver and another sufficiently accurate solver, applied to a class of wave media (described by their wave speed profiles) and initial wave fields. We find that the trained neural networks can approximate the nonlinear dependence of the propagation on the wave speed as long as the causality is appropriately sampled in training data. We combine the neural-network-enhanced coarse solver with the parareal algorithm and demonstrate that the coupled approach improves the stability of parareal algorithms for wave propagation and improves the accuracy of the enhanced coarse solvers.


Dr. Yen-Hsi Richard Tsai received his B.S. degree from National Taiwan University, and the Ph.D. degree in Mathematics from UCLA in 2002. He was a Veblen Instructor, 2002-2004, at Princeton University and the IAS. He is currently Professor in Mathematics Department and Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, UT Austin, having been
previously Professor in Numerical Analysis at the Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Sweden. His research interests are in machine learning theory and algorithms, multiscale modeling and computation for highly oscillatory systems, numerical methods for differential equations (mainly hyperbolic problems) and interface dynamics, and algorithms for games and robotic navigation.